Hey there! So, here I am with my first blog, with whole lot of research on cameras, on the topic how to get the best camera – The Perfect Camera Guide.
Choosing a camera that is best for you is a very difficult job in the World of Photography which offers hundreds and thousands of camera options. So, here’s a look at the best camera options and some suggestions on what to keep in mind while buying a camera.
First let’s have a look on what types of cameras are out there that you can buy.
Types of Digital Cameras
Point And Shoot Camera
One step ahead of your Smartphones are the Point and Shoot cameras. They are small in size and are easy to carry so they are also knows as Compact cameras. They are designed for simple operations, have focus free lenses and a built-in flash. Point and Shoot camera mean just that, pull it out of your pocket, point it at the object and hit the Shutter. The camera does the rest for you. They are digital cameras with a fixed lens, shutter speed and aperture. These are famous among people who just want an easy to use camera for photos of vacations, tours, parties and many other events.
A Digital Single-Lens Reflex camera or Digital SLR or simply DSLR is a pro level camera that offers fast autofocus, burst shooting rates, and most importantly the freedom to choose from a wide range of lenses. A DSLR combines the optics and the mechanisms of a single-lens reflex camera with a digital imaging sensor. They offer a superb image quality for a pro level photography and more importantly they give us complete control over all technical aspects of the image, while still providing both partial and full automatic options. Now on the other hand DSLRs are very big and bulky. One has to always carry a large camera bag to carry the camera, lens and its other accessories. These cameras are best suited for professional, hobbyist, film-makers and people with money.
Mirrorless cameras are now a days taking the place of DSLRs as they are much more portable and very less bulky while offering the same overall image quality. They also offer some additional features like 4K video recording and different connectivity options. They also have the flexibility to choose from a wide range of lenses like a DSLR. They are called Mirrorless cameras because they do not use the mirrors reflect light into a viewfinder which is why it is smaller in size than a DSLR. These cameras are best for travellers as it is very small in size any also provides a good image quality. You can get more information about two of the best mirrorless camera Sony A7R III and Sony A7III here.
Bridge Cameras or also known as Superzoom cameras offer really good range and some advanced features like a DSLR but in a smaller body. Just like a point and shoot camera, they produce fairly low quality images. But there are some high-end bridge cameras that produce good quality images. The main difference between compact cameras and bridge cameras is that these cameras provide semi automatic control over aperture, shutter speed, exposure settings and program modes. The lens of these cameras is fixed and cannot be removed and replaced with a different one. Bridge cameras are for people who have more money to spend and want to shoot things that are far away.
So these were the different types of digital cameras.
Now the most important thing that determines the quality of your camera is its specifications. The biggest factor that affects the image quality is your camera’s sensor. An image sensor or imaging sensor is a sensor that detects and conveys the information that constitutes an image. It is a light-sensitive silicon chip which has replaced films in a digital camera. The quality and size of the sensors depends upon how expensive your camera is.
Now lets talk about some technical terms upon which the quality of camera and image depends.
According to Optics, aperture is an opening through which the light travels. In a camera it tells us how much light can enter the lens. The aperture of the camera is written as f/the number, as for example f/2.8. Smaller the f/number, larger the aperture opening. If one buys a camera with large aperture then he or she will have more control over low light photography.
Basically, ISO is the level of sensitivity of your camera to the amount of light available. Higher the ISO number, higher is its sensitivity towards the available light & vice versa. This also means that the higher the ISO the less time your camera will take to capture an image.
- OPTICAL ZOOM
Each and every one of you know what is optical zoom. It’s just how far you can zoom in.
There is an other term, digital zoom. It is completely different from optical zoom. What it basically does is that it crops the image which results in lower image quality.
OIS means Optical Image Stabilization. What it basically does is that it reduces the effect caused due to shaking of hands. It helps to save the image quality from shaky hands. Just like the case of optical zoom, OIS has brother called DIS. Yes, Digital Image Stabilisation that when used can cause damage to the image quality.
In digital imaging, a pixel or picture element is a physical point in a raster image, or the smallest addressable element in an all points addressable display device so it is the smallest controllable element of a picture represented on the screen. Now megaPIXEL is a collection of millions of pixels, more megapixels gives you more flexibility. You can crop an image, take large prints if you have a camera with more megapixels.
What to Buy ?
Point & Shoot Camera
- Sony Cyber-Shot DSC-RX100 IV
According to me this camera is best in its class carrying a 20.1-megapixel 1″ Exmor RS CMOS sensor. It is a quite expensive camera but it produces very high quality images and is capable of recording 4K videos.
- Olympus Stylus 1
This camera is best for the one’s that look for more zoom. It packs a combo of excellent performance, design and hilarious features.
- Fujifilm XF1
This camera is one of the best looking cameras in its class. It captures good photos, but not that good if compared to the other two.
Entry Level DSLR
- Canon Rebel T6s / 760D
The new Canon 760D is the best entry-level DSLR in the list. It was launched in February 2015. It has a 24.2 megapixel APS-C CMOS Sensor and 19 point all cross type AF System. It also packs a 3.0″ vari-angle touch-screen LCD monitor, built-in WiFi connectivity with NFC & continuous shooting rate of up to 5 fps. It captures beautiful images and is the replacement of Canon 700D.
- Nikon D5500
The Nikon D5500 is an F-mount DSLR announced by Nikon on January 5, 2015. The Nikon D5500 features minor improvements over its predecessor Nikon D5300. It has a large APS-C CMOS sensors with 24.2-megapixel count.
Mid Range DSLR
- Canon EOS 6D : The Canon EOS 6D has a 20.2-megapixel full-fraDSLR. MOS sensor and was announced by Canon in late November 2012. It packs a 11-point autofocus sensors with 1 cross type sensor in center & a shutter speed of 30–1/4 000 sec. It has Wi-Fi functionality and built-in GPS. It is best for street photography, wildlife photography and any other type.
- Nikon D7100
The Nikon D7100 packs a APS-C DX sensor with 24.1 megapixel count and provides a maximum continuous shooting rate of 6fps. It can capture 1080p videos and is one of the best mid-range DSLR.
- Nikon D810
The Nikon D810 is a 36.3-megapixel professional-grade full-frame DSLR with dynamic range from ISO 64–12,800. It can capture videos upto 1080p and has a frame rate of 5 fps. It is best in its class and captures dynamic photos with very high-resolution. According to me it is the best professional level DSLR.
- Canon EOS 1D X
The Canon EOS-1D X is the professional flagship DSLR camera by Canon. It was announced on 18 October 2011. The Canon EOS-1D X is an 18.1 megapixel full-frame DSLR. It can capture 1080p videos at 30 fps. It is by far my favourite DSLR from Canon.
- Samsung NX1
The Samsung NX1 is the best mirrorless camera in the market right now. It has a 28.2MP BSI APS-C CMOS Sensor and has capability of recording 4K video at 24 fps. It can also record UHD video at 30 fps. It also packs a sharp 3.0″ HD 1036k-dot touchscreen monitor and 205 phase-detection AF points benefit both cinematographers and still photographers.
- Sony Alpha A6000
The Sony Alpha A6000 is one of the best cameras in its class. It has a 24.3MP APS-C Exmor APS HD CMOS Sensor and BIONZ X image processor that produces very high quality photos and full HD videos. Is has a ISO count of 25600. It can record full HD videos at both 24 and 60 fps. It also has Built-in Wi-Fi connectivity with NFC.
I hope this will help you find the camera that suits you the best. If you are still not able to decide which camera to choose or if you want to know details about a particular camera, leave a comment below any let me help you with it.
At last I would like to add that the best camera is the one that you have with you and that you use for taking beautiful photographs. So, enjoy capturing this beautiful world with your best mate, your camera.